Chatyr-dag and its caves, Angarsk pass
Jajla Chatyr-dag is on the earths of the Crimean reserve, a part in the south of the Simferopol area, a part in the north of Big Alushty. The most popular hills of Crimea, the outlines remind a huge tent, visible with bolshej to a peninsula part. The Polish classic A.Mickiewicz has devoted it rather pompous and, at the same time, an exact sonnet on geographical details. To become closer to heavens it is possible on the mountain tracks, most simple – lifting from Angarsk pass, but it is easier to arrive from a trolleybus line at with. Marble on highway with the index "On the Marble cave".
The Western top peak the Eklizi-breaker, Church cape has height of 1527 m, the sixth on value in Crimea. East – the Hangar-breaker much more low. At its bottom the mountain-skiing line with two turns bugelnogo the lift begins. Nearby are laid sannye descents. Close Angarsk pass there is a meteorological station, parking place, hire, a bar and carriages for spending the night.
Hills Bowels conceal in themselves numerous caves, most beautiful of them - the Marble cave and Emine-bair-hosar are equipped for tourists. They are on the Bottom plateau, nearby there are comfortable small houses, and during winter time mountain-skiing lines with lifts and equipment hire work. On the way to caves on a cordon of Krinichka open-air cages for animals of the Crimean reserve are arranged: wild boars, deer and others. It is possible to fish for a payment on a picturesque pond.
For quite some time now the village Marble had one more tourist object – park of Birds.
Sosnovka - the Eklizi-breaker – Angarsk pass (a traditional route of "day off")
Sosnovka, in the past independent settlement, consists of several small houses and a seasonal shelter of a camp site of "Tavrija".
The Three-kilometre piece of a trolleybus line from with. perevalnoe to Sosnovka - as builders tried to straighten it is precisely copies a twisting channel of the mountain river of Angara. Its valley is squeezed by abrupt slopes of Chatyr-daga from the West, and heights Kyzyl and Ball in the east from a line.
In VI century d.C. for protection of South careful ports (Aluston, Partenit, Gorzuvity) from aggressive nomads from foothill and flat Crimea, passes and mountain passes through the Main ridge were blocked by stone walls. Traces of similar constructions are found by archeologists not on the pass, and in a gorge bottleneck - hardly below a confluence of Angara its right inflow of the Kurljuk-sou. There, where the valley does abrupt kolenoobraznyj turn, and the line and the river are pressed to each other, there is no time and there was the stone wall, barring the way to nomads on Southern coast of Crimea. From here also there was a name of a yard Angara that in transfer from the Turkic means "gorge, a crack, tesnina".
From a stop "Sosnovka" we will pass on the bridge through Angara to a tourist's shelter "Sosnovka". At the time of Soviet Union it was one of the most popular tourist's shelters in mountain to Crimea, routes on Chatyr-Dag, Dolgorukovsky jajlu, files of Demerdzhi and Karabi from here began. From a camp we will curtail into a valley of the left inflow with an anonymous stream. Along a channel on coast there are crescent terraces with kostrishchami in the center - favourite vacation spots of tourists and having a rest.
The Track, repeating channel bends, soon incorporates with nakatannoj road on the left slope of a beam. East slopes of Chatyr-Daga are covered dubovo-grabovymi by woods, sometimes there are maples and lindens.
Monotonous lifting is interrupted with a threefold fork: the right branch of road conducts in a beam; left - downwards. Our road - average - goes on an axis of a watershed among a high oak forest. There is a glade and on a topmost surface of a watershed, here it is recommended to make a halt before forthcoming lifting.
Having passed a glade, we leave on a stony slope on which the track lasts. Tourists name this track "red", such colour to it give multi-coloured, with a reddish shade mramorovidnye limestones. The impression as if here have delivered is made and filled rubble, but have forgotten it to stamp. Actually, tourists, rising on a track, crush feet limestone fragments, and the track gradually "moves down" downwards.
At stone round (the cone-shaped embankment of stones created by tourists for the best orientation we not to lose a track in a fog or in snow weather) on the brink of a natural boundary Kurt-bair plateau we will make a halt and we will take pleasure in an opening kind on the east and the southeast. Especially fascinating kind opens in the autumn when the surface of mountains is covered by multi-coloured woods and reminds not that have grown seaweed on an ocean floor, not that a huge magic carpet. From here the most part of the Angarsk valley, Angarsk pass, a ridge of Tyrke, Dolgorukovsky jajla and a file of Demerdzhi is surveyed.
Having had a rest, we continue a way. The track is marked by often located small groups of stones - rounds, goes along a broken line of breakages. Last round is established on the lifting highest point, i.e. already on the bottom plateau of Chatyr-Dag. Not far some buildings fenced with a fence are visible. Nearby the spring is located is unique on Chatyr-Dage a karstic source which leaves directly on a plateau, the others - on slopes. Here it is recommended to satisfy thirst, and to type waters with itself, since. The following source will get on our way in some hours, already on descent to Angarsk pass.
Probably, everyone will have a question: "That it for structures at mountain top? For what and whom it is intended?" Known among tourists " the Point " is a former military part of armies of an outer-space communication. Primary activity of this military part was transfer and reception of the given and space co-ordinates from the companion. Now the tourist shelter of Simferopol firm "Onyx-round" here settles down. In a shelter can settle down about 50 tourists in rooms till 4-12 the person, and also it is possible to put tents in shelter territory. Here there are all conditions for "a comfortable" life in mountains: cold and hot water, a big kitchen, a chimney hall, a small little shop and always an interesting society: tourists and cave explorers from different cities of Ukraine and Russia.
From here it is already possible to consider this mysterious mountain Chatyr-Dag well. What especial in this mountain, than she has deserved such love and popularity among tourists?
In a chain of Crimean mountains Chatyr-Dag occupies median position, from different directions it is separated from neighbours and shifted on 10 km to the north from the basic line of the Main ridge of Crimean mountains. The file is limited by two deep passes - bogazami (passes) - in the southwest Kebit-bogaz between it and Babugan-jajloj, in the northeast – the Hangar-Bogaz divides Chatyr-Dag and Demerdzhi.
Chatyr-Dag will extend meridianalno almost on 10 km at width from the West on the east to 5 km. Its area with all slopes and spurs makes 46,5 km 2 .
Chatyrdagsky jajla settles down on different absolute marks, two steps - the bottom and top plateau allocate.
Bottom occupies the big space of a file and lies at heights of 900-1000 m above sea level. The top plateau is separated from bottom by an abrupt slope and lies on the average at height of 1300 m above sea level. Here the highest point of Chatyr-Daga – the Eklizi-breaker (Church cape), height of 1527 m is located, and on an extremity of a plateau opposite from it there is a top the Hangar-breaker (1459.
And nevertheless, what in Chatyr-Dage especial and attractive?
First, contrast of landscapes, a microclimate, frequent change of various landscapes, an abundance of circular points of the review.
Secondly, the vertical calcareous walls limiting the top plateau from the east and the West, serve skalodromami - places of trainings of climbers and rock-climbers. Numerous caves, deep mines and wells involve here cave explorers; slopes and a plateau it is widely used for skiing and snowboarding in the winter.
Well and it is final, legends and legends have made this mountain popular object of foot tourism.
We Will return to our route. By the former military unit, on asphalt road, in a southern direction we move to the Eklizi-breaker. It it is perfectly visible from any place on a plateau, therefore it is simply impossible to lose the way. The only thing that it is necessary to remember to all tourists - to go on protoptannym to roads and tracks better, and not to deviate strongly them since processes karstoobrazovanija on Chatyr-Dage are still active, and the tourists who have left aside risk to fail in any well or mine. On the way caves and wells will come across to us, to them conducts the small footpaths here most interesting from them:
the Bottomless well (Topsjus-Hosar), depth of 195 m, diameter of a funnel of 90 m. the Large quantity of the terrifying stories invented and the presents. Beginning from the Tatar beliefs what gate in a next world here are, finishing stories of cave explorers that at the bottom of a well where snow all year long lies, transparent mice at which through a skin blood vessels and an internal are visible live.
the Knight's move , depth 213м - if to throw there a stone, the sound will reach very long; directly the input in a cave has a huge piece kaltsita - its brilliant light grey and pink kristalliki are poured on the sun by all colours of a rainbow.
Stony (Keshmende-Tjuzjunde-Hosar) - a well, depth of 10 m, from a South side are an underground input, and with northern - a small cave.
Our track comes nearer to forest plots Chatyrdagsky jajly, here it is possible to make a short-term halt, to consider a card, a little bit to "have a bite" (if there is a desire). On a plateau beechen woods prevail, they are beautiful, shady and cool, are well looked through, in them feel easily and freely.
In a woody part jajly also there is a set of caves, and each of them is in own way unique. To the right of a footpath you by all means will notice an input in the Snow well . It is possible to go down there only with special equipment. This cave is interesting to that in the end of XIX - the beginning of the XX-th centuries inhabitants of villages at a foot of Chatyr-Daga received the income thanks to this cave. The matter is that snow and ice in this cave lies all year long, and on Southern coast of Crimea, at the height of a resort season ice was appreciated worth its weight in gold: ice-cream, desserts, storage of products (deep-freezers then yet were not). Enterprising local residents on cords went down in a well, cut ice for pieces, turned in the sheep skins and on vehicles carried to sell on Angarsk pass.
We Come out of the wood and continue to rise to the highest point of Chatyr-Daga. Once an eklizi-breaker called Church cape, having connected Greek "ekliz" (church) and Turkic "breaker" (cape). There is a legend that earlier at top there was a Greek church where Greeks of all Crimea once in a year, for the Trinity, gathered for molebna.
In hierarchy of the Crimean tops the Eklizi-breaker takes the fifth place, but against the general profile of Crimean mountains the highest mountain Chatyr-Dag seems. From the top plateau Alushtu, Simferopol, the Bakhchsarai area, Karabi, Demerdzhi, Babugan, Dolgorukovsky jajlu is visible... In a fair weather, at entrance to Crimea Chatyr-dag can be seen even from the Rekopsky isthmus.
But the most improbable show is standing on the bottom plateau of Chatyr-Daga, to look, how the sun sits down in the sea at the western coast of Crimea, in 70 km from you! Only at top of Eklizi really you understand - that such Crimean mountains to what they are small on school cards and in atlases, and are how much majestic, when you look at them from height of the bird's flight!
Having admired a lot of beauty of mountain Crimea, having made photos for memory, we go further. The track goes east, along a ridge of the top plateau. If weather conditions (overcast, a wind, air temperature) allow, the halt and a dinner can be made directly here. And it is possible to suffer, go down a little more low, and to settle down small camp on a cosy glade with a spring, kostrishchami, and logs for rest.
We Continue our campaign. The track on which we go, is directed on the east, and only on descent to a wood part of a slope of Chatyr-Daga, deviates to the south. At an input in a wood part the footpath forks, right conducts to Kutuzovsky lake, and left - to the Beechen glade and a spring, it and is necessary to us. 20 mines of descent - and before you a convenient glade for a halt and dinner or supper preparation. In the glade southeast - a spring, behind it the track conducts to Kutuzovsky lake.
From the Beechen glade to Angarsk pass the wide track conducts protoptannaja many generations of tourists. It goes to the Angarsk meteorological station, and therefrom already asphalted road approaches directly to a trolleybus stop and GAI post.
In addition on the given theme:
Simferopol and vicinities
the Cold beam – Tash-Dzhargan – the Snake cave – Chestnut - Bakla
Nikolaevka – Coastal, the Crying rock
the Salgirsky valley, Keslersky wood, Dzhalman - Krasnolese
Red caves and falls
the Mud hut - Balanovo – Dolgorukovsky jajla – nursery ' Cold mountain ' - base ' Burulcha '